This post is part of the Open Source Cloud Computing series. For an Overview, please click on the Tag. Networking with CloudStack Networking with CloudStack can be achieved with two topologies: the first topology is handled like with Amazon Web Services (AWS). This enables guest isolation via IP-Filtering. More networking possibilities are delivered with the “advanced” networking options. The advanced option allows multiple networks in a zone. Each individual network in an advanced setup needs to have a specific network type. They can be guest mode, management mode, public mode and storage mode. Multi-tenancy CloudStack provides multi-tenancy with the concept of Accounts, Domains and Users. An account is typically a tenant. Each Account may contain more users. A Domain allows the datacenter provider to group similar account types and to ease management of them. CloudStack may be extended by LDAP services such as Active Directory. Another concept is the “Project”. A project is a group of users working on similar tasks.
This post is part of the Open Source Cloud Computing series. For an Overview, please click on the Tag. The Management Server The Management Server is the entry point to the CloudStack Cloud. It manages all nodes and it exposes the API as well as the graphical user interface (GUI). Typically, the Management Server runs on a dedicated machine or virtual machine. The Management Server uses Tomcat and a MySQL Database for persistence. The Management Server also assigns public and private IP addresses and it also deals with the allocation of storage to the guests as virtual disks. CloudStack allows the management of snapshots, templates and ISO images, which is also provided by the Management Server. Cloud Infrastructure The Cloud Infrastructure consists of several layers. The lowest level is the host itself, which is a node where virtual instances run on. Nodes usually get added to a cluster. A cluster contains several nodes and has a primary storage attached. Clusters are
CloudStack is currently available in the Version 4.0 and was usually initiated by Cloud.com, which was later acquired by Citrix. The source code for CloudStack is available open source and it is maintained as an Apache Project. The target of CloudStack is similar to the other 3 described projects: provide an Infrastructure as a Service Software. CloudStack supports both commercial hypervisors as well as open source hypervisors. From the commercial side, CloudStack currently implements Citrix XenServer and VMware vSphere and as for open source hypervisors there is support for XEN and KVM running on Ubuntu or CentOS. CloudStack is built to run tens of thousands of virtual Servers in geographically distributed regions. There is one managing server for all clusters, which makes cluster-wide management servers unnecessary. CloudStack configures each node automatically regarding storage and networking. Internally managed virtual appliances take care of firewalling, routing, DHCP, VPN access, console proxy, storage access, and storage replication. CloudStack also offers a graphical user
In the next blog posts, I will describe some major Open Source Cloud Computing platforms. I will cover the 4 major platforms, including: OpenStack Eucalyptus OpenNebula CloudStack This series will run alongside the self service IT series. By the end of the series, I will compare these 4 platforms with the self service attributes I will evaluate during the series. So keep on reading all of them 🙂